a website of resources for peace is a documentary website whose purpose is to promote an exchange of knowledge and know-how at the service of the construction of an Art of peace.
This website is coordinated by
Modus Operandi


Bibliography file

, Kigali, January 2013

References: collective memory and nonviolent resistance

Memory, whether individually or collectively constructed poses a moral dilemma, particularly in the struggle for justice and processes of social change.

  • Branch, T, (1999) Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years. New York: Touchstones book.

  • Buber, M, (1958) I and Thou, London: Continuum.

  • Carmeal Stokey, (1966) The Basis of Black Power, Retrieved on November2nd 2011 from

  • Craveirinha, J. (1967) the Song of the Negro on the ferry: (Ed) E. Mphalele, In African Writing Today, (p.315) Middlesex: Penguin.

  • Dubois, W.E.B. (1994). The Soul Of Black Folk. Mineola NY: Dover Publications.

  • Davis, T, (1998). Weary Feet, Rested Souls: A guided History of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.

  • Dear, J. (1999) Forgetting who we are. In K. Butigan (Ed), From Violence To Wholeness. Pace E Bene Fransicscan Non Violence.

  • Elliot, C,(1995) Memory and Salvation. London: Darton, Longman and Todd Ltd.

  • Eyerman, R.(2001) Cultural Trauma: Slavery and the Formation of African American Identity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Fairclough, A. (2001) Better Day Coming: Blacks and Equality, 1890-2000). London: Penguin books.

  • Fairclough, A. (1987) To redeem the Soul of America: the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King Jr. Georgia: University of Georgia Press.

  • Hale. A. T. (1997) From the Griot of Roots to the Roots of Griot: A New Look at the Origins of a Controversial African Term for Bard, Oral Tradition Journal, 12/2, 249-278.

  • Hammer, F.L (1964) I’m sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired Retrieved on the 10th of November from

  • Hogan, W.C. (2007) Many Minds, One heart: SNCC’s Dream for a new America. The University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

  • King Elizabeth (2011) The Power of Song; from Selma to Syria, Retrieved on 10th November 2011 from

  • King, M.L, (1963), I Have a Dream Retrieved on the 4th December from

  • Koegler, HH. (1999) The power of dialogue: critical hermeunitcs after Gadamer and Focault, MIT Press.

  • Lederach, J.P, The Moral Imagination, Oxford University Press, 2005.

  • Lewis, E & Kelly, D.G.(2000) To Make Our World Anew: A History of African Americans, Oxford: oxford university press.

  • Maguire, M.C.(2000) In W. Wink(Ed), Peace is the Way (p.159) New York: Orbis books.

  • Smiley, G. (2000). How Nonviolence Works. In W. Wink(Ed), Peace is the Way (p.56) New York: Orbis books.

  • SNCC,(1960) Student National Coordinating Committee Founding Statement Retrieved on 1st October 2011 from

  • Tuminez. A. S. (2005) United States Institute of Peace, Ancestral Domain in Comparative Perspectives.

  • Volf, m. (2005) Free of Charge: giving and forgiving in a culture stripped of grace. Michigan: Zondervan.

  • Wiesel Elie,(2008) Night, Penguin books, London.

  • Sulmasy, D.P. (2007). Human Dignity and Human Worth. In J. Malpas & N. Lickiss, (Eds) Perspectives on Human Dignity J. Malpas, N. Lickiss, Netherlands (p.14). Netherlands: Springer.

Related articles